Works in Progress

Mindes, S. C. H, P.A. Lewin. “Roots of Entrepreneurship: Hispanic Self-Employment across Immigrant Generations”

Summary: Hispanics are major contributors to the self-employment sector in the U.S. They consistently have the highest rate of new entrepreneurship. Furthermore, Hispanics are the largest immigrant group. For immigrants in the U.S., entrepreneurship is an essential opportunity for entering the formal economy, as their temporary status affects their ability to secure jobs in other sectors. At present, scholarship on Hispanic entrepreneurship is limited. Researchers have not fully explained entrepreneurial differences between the first-generation of immigrants and their decedents, which have been found to be different in other important ways. The goal of this research is to improve the well-being of Hispanics in rural communities by expanding our understanding of the challenges and opportunities faced in entrepreneurship across immigrant generations and Hispanic-origin groups. This research seeks to expand our knowledge of immigrant incorporation and assimilation.

Mindes, S. C. H.“Envisaging expatriation: Media framing of emigration from the United States.” (In preparation for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies)

Summary: This article investigates representations of American emigration in the media, focusing on newspaper and magazine articles published in the United States since the early 1990s. This chapter uses qualitative content analysis of media framing in mass media coverage of emigration from the United States. Primarily, this article is driven by the question: How has the national media covered (portrayed or framed) emigrants from the United States to Canada and Mexico? To address this question in more depth I also ask: What are the themes, topics, and frames used in the media representation of American emigration? In what ways is emigration to each location framed differently? More specifically, how are the motivations for emigration represented in the media? To answer these questions, I bring together literatures on migration systems theory, media framing, and the migration imaginary.

Mindes, S. C. H.“Reassessing ‘diaspora’: An evaluation through the American emigration case.” (Under Review)

Summary: Scholars are yet to develop a theoretical understanding of the forces involved in American emigration. However, academics and non-academics have recently described the group as diasporic. This controversial interpretation is a product of the ambiguity of the term and attempts to entice readership. This article investigates the claim of the American Diaspora after systematically exploring the various definitions of diaspora in published literature. It then considers the case through a comparative approach. Finding that the American case does not represent a diaspora, this article proposes and theorises an alternative term to collectively discuss this group of citizens with a shared experience and intentions: a global migrant community. Furthermore, terms available to discuss subsets of Americans abroad are identified, which can be applied and validated through empirical research. In addition, this study addresses the implications of atypical diaspora claims and the potential de-legitimization of the term from its wide use.