Dentzman, Katherine and Samuel C. H. Mindes. Forthcoming. “Labor and the problem of herbicide resistance: How immigration policies in the U.S. and Canada impact technological development in grain crops.” In Immigration, Immigrants, Agriculture and Food in North America (working title), edited by Julian Agyeman and Sydney Giacalone. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. (Refereed)
Summary: Mexican agricultural workers comprise a significant percentage of the workforce in both the U.S. and Canada. Yet, they differ in their temporary farm worker programs. Canada’s is cited as a model program, reducing the number of unauthorized farm workers. In the U.S., unauthorized foreign workers make up almost half of all farm laborers. This is now causing problems related to herbicide resistant (HR) weeds. These weeds increasingly require manual labor, creating an unprecedented demand for foreign farm workers in corn and soybean systems. Similar HR problems and comparable reliance on Mexican temporary farm workers in the U.S. and Canada provide a controlled context in which to test the impact of these countries’ political and cultural differences on future HR weed management. Using focus group data with farmers from four U.S. states, we address the issue of U.S. foreign farm laborer dynamics in relation to HR and commodity crops. Drawing on theory from Friedland, Barton and Thomas (1981), we investigate how this decrease in immigrant labor, specifically from Mexico, is impacting reliance on technological innovation in the herbicide industry.
Refereed Journal Articles
Liu, Hui, Corrine Reczek, Samuel C. H. Mindes, and Shannon Shen. 2017. “The health disparities of same-sex cohabitors at the intersection of race-ethnicity and gender”. Sociological Perspectives, 60(3), 620-639. doi:10.1177/073112146663685
note: awarded Honorable Mention for the Distinguished Contribution to Sociological Perspectives Award at the 2018 meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association
Abstract: We work from a minority stress perspective to theorize health disparities across union status at the intersection of sexual minority status, race-ethnicity, and gender. We use pooled data from the Integrated National Health Interview Surveys (1997–2014) to assess a wide range of health outcomes, including self-rated physical health, psychological distress, and health behaviors. Results suggest that same-sex cohabitors face substantial health disadvantages relative to different-sex married individuals, with little variation by race-ethnicity and gender. Fewer health differences are found for same-sex cohabitors in comparison with both different-sex cohabitors and unpartnered singles, although greater variation by gender and race-ethnicity is found across these comparisons. This study highlights the importance of integrating intersectionality and minority stress theories to guide future research examining sexual minority health disparities. Results suggest that the sexual minority health disadvantage, as well as the potential health boost of same-sex marriage, may depend on the intersection of race-ethnicity and gender.
Lewin, Paul, Samuel Mindes, and Monica Fisher. 2019. “Dynamics of Hispanic Entrepreneurship in the U.S.” Hispanic Economic Outlook, Spring, 14-24. (invited work)